07 - ANANÁS
Ananas ananasoides (BROMELIACEAE)
07- Ananas - Ananas ananasoides (BROMELIACEAE)
Want something more tropical? In this, the savanna wins over African savannas, there are no pineapples. Pineapple is the wild form that originated the domestic varieties. Its hard, pointed leaves act as an impassable protective fence. Pineapples protect more delicate and rare plants.
Distribution: Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. In Brazil, it occurs in the North, the Amazon, the Northeast and the Midwest and the Southeast, in Minas Gerais and São Paulo. Common in field, cerrado and cerradão formations as well as Atlantic forest.
Situation in São Paulo: Rare.
How to plant: Pineapples can be planted from their crown, but pineapple preserves seeds in each section of the fruit. Biologist Rafael Consolmagno, who germinated some for the Cerrado Infinito, teaches that the pulp must be removed and the seeds cleaned to be placed in a glass jar with a moistened absorbent paper. When they germinate in about 6 days, just plant in a small pot with vegetable soil, keeping moist and expect to grow until they are large enough to plant in the final place in full sun.
Uses: Ornamental plant, can be used in landscaping in the formation of hedges and massifs, blooming from June to February and fruiting from October to June. Its fruits are edible in the form of jellies.
WANDERLEY, MGL; MARTINS, SE (COORDS.) BROMELIACEAE IN: MELHEN, TS ET AL. FANEROGAMIC FLORA OF THE STATE OF SÃO PAULO. INSTITUTE OF BOTANICS, SÃO PAULO, VOL. 5, PP: 39-162, 2007.