28 - FUMO BRAVO
Solanum erianthum D. Don (SOLANACEAE)
28- Fumo-bravo - Solanum erianthum D. Don (SOLANACEAE)
Shrubs or groves from 2 to 6 m high, with tortuous branches and densely covered with hair in the upper portion. Thick, oval leaves with a pointed tip, 10 to 25 in length by 3 to 15 cm in width, slightly covered with hairiness, which gives it a velvet texture and characteristic whitish color. Violet flowers, with five petals. Fruits from 9 to 12 mm, yellow when ripe, with persistent hairiness.
It is such a common plant that many despise it, but careful observation reveals a very elegant plant, especially during flowering.
Distribution: Occurs throughout the American continent.
Situation in São Paulo: It behaves as invasive even in urban areas, with rapid growth, common in vacant lots and spontaneously born in squares and gardens.
How to plant: This is very easy, its fruits that look like jurubebas, just harvest some ripe fruits and spread. At some point they are born and the plant grows fast. It is an aggressive pioneer.
Uses: Used in forest restoration, as a secondary succession plant and important in the composition of savannahs, creating shaded micro environments that favor arboreal species and that appreciate these environments. Due to the ease of sprouting, it is a good source of biomass for composting. Despite its open canopy, its leaves have a different shape and color, and have a discreet beauty when in bloom. It tolerates annual pruning very well and could be better used in urban afforestation, in central flowerbeds of avenues, creating food corridors for avifauna and helping to quickly balance the city's environment.
LORENZI, H. DANINE PLANTS IN BRAZIL: TERRESTRIAL, AQUATIC, PARASITE AND TOXIC. PLANTARUM INSTITUTE. NOVA ODESSA, SP, 4th ED. 2008. 672P. IL.
ROE, KE A REVISION OF SOLANUM SECT. BREVANTHERUM (SOLANACEAE) IN NORTH AND CENTRAL AMERICA. BRITTONIA, V. 19, N. 4, P. 353-373, 1967.