02 - CAPIM BARBA-DE-BODE
Aristida jubata (Arechav.) Herter (POACEAE)
02 - Capim barba-de-bode - Aristida jubata (Arechav.) Herter (POACEAE)
Perennial plant, 40 - 80 cm, stems and leaves grouped in fascicles. Leaf sheath with hairless neck, 15- - 25 x 0.05- - 0.1 cm leaves, hairless, straight and thin. Inflorescence of panicle type, of 20 - 30cm. It blooms from September to June.
The classic image of the savannah is extensive fields of grass. I found a piece of land where it was possible to walk among them, and have the feeling of being outside the city, something ironic for a plant that was so common in the São Paulo landscape. In Praça da Nascente it was the predominant species before urbanization, when the place was still called Morro do Careca. Former residents recognized the specimens we reintroduced.
Distribution: From Mato Grosso to Rio Grande do Sul, in cerrado, dry field and cerradão.
Situation in São Paulo: Occasionally occurs in vacant lots on the periphery, in the Rodoanel Metropolitano de São Paulo and on the edges of highways. In the past, it formed dense massifs, but today that view has become difficult.
How to plant: The transplant must be done taking into account a very generous area of soil around the root ball and care must be taken not to affect the root, which is very delicate. When planting, make a generous pit with a soft earth base that helps the root to develop. From the first days, water daily, keeping the soil and foliage moist until the plant adapts. You should always plant in groups that may be associated with small plants, such as macela, pixirica, araçá, and other grasses, such as the ass-tail, always with direct sunlight.
Uses: Plant with great ornamental potential due to its stony appearance, small size and extreme resistance to drought. With its leaves it is possible to make crafts. According to Seu Miguel, a veteran resident of the region, it was formerly harvested at Morro do Careca to be used as a filling for scarecrows and dolls for the training of Judas, a custom that ended up with the plant in the city. It was also used to make garlands for the festivities of São João.
LONGHI-WAGNER, HM (COORD.) POACEAE. IN: LONGHI-WAGNER, HM ET AL. FANEROGAMIC FLORA OF THE STATE OF SÃO PAULO. INSTITUTE OF BOTANICS, SÃO PAULO, VOL. 1, PP: 1-281, 2001.
During the breeding season, the plant acquires a beautiful purplish tone, with tufts on the tips of the leaves loaded with seeds. This grass quickly adapted to the land of the square where Cerrado Infinito is located.
Parque do Juqueri is what remains of the São Paulo cerrado landscape. It has very interesting fragments despite being a very small park. One of the most beautiful views is the contrast of the grass with the red earth.
A great expert in agroforestry, she once said that the red earth of the square where the Cerrado Infinito is located is degraded soil, which would have to be "cured" !!! You were right about one thing, the soil is "poor" in organic matter and contains a lot of aluminum, preventing the absorption of nutrients from most plants, which makes it terrible for vegetable gardens and orchards. But I believe goat-beard grass definitely doesn't agree.
Near the Cerrado Infinito in Sumaré, the city had to fix a pipe, it was an opportunity to review this land hidden by the concrete.
It is enough to understand a bit of cerrado, to realize that this is a sacred, living land, but that obeys other dynamics, different from the forest or the vegetable garden. Agroforestry can only be positive following the permacultural precepts that establish productive respect for the biomes where agricultural activity is established. It is necessary to develop agrosertões, agropantanal, agrocerrados with their own characteristics, or we will transform everything into a pasteurized agroforestry
The grasses are almost dry in winter, the plant is still very lively.